Sept. 30 International Day for Haiti

first_imgNo interference in Haiti’s election, U.S. hands off!In January, 68 grassroots organizations issued a Call for Solidarity from Haiti’s popular movement (“We will not obey”). In response, friends of Haiti are having public events in many cities on Sept. 30, the 25th anniversary of the first U.S.-backed military coup against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.Organizers call it the 7th International Day in Solidarity with Haiti; the earlier six international days took place in 107 cities in 29 countries on five continents beginning in 2005. The following is from a Call to Action issued by the Haiti Action Committee.CALL TO ACTIONThe irresistible momentum of Haiti’s nonstop mass movement — with tens of thousands in the streets almost daily for many months — has forced annulment of the fraudulent 2015 elections. The new election date is Oct. 9, 2016. But the U.S. Embassy and its allies are still scheming to block Haiti’s most popular political party, Fanmi Lavalas, and thwart the popular will in this election.That’s why it’s so important for friends of Haiti to do what you’ve done six times before on these “International Days” — organize public events in support of the fighting people of Haiti — on or about Friday, Sept. 30. These actions — from street demonstrations to public or house meetings, musical events, radio shows, vigils and film showings — are all locally organized. So it’s up to you to make this happen in your town.In 2015, after being excluded for 11 years since a second U.S.-sponsored military coup in 2004, the Lavalas party was finally able to run candidates again, headed by Maryse Narcisse for President. Ever since, huge crowds all over Haiti have welcomed Dr. Narcisse (and Aristide) and her grassroots campaign. Just like they marched to stop the brazen attempt to steal the 2015 elections and impose a U.S.-favored candidate.Over 200 years ago, Haitians rose up and overthrew both slavery and colonial rule. Now, when the enemies of freedom and sovereignty are attempting to re-colonize and re-enslave Haiti, we need to act in solidarity with our Haitian comrades, in the spirit of their resistance.Join us in raising these just demands of the Haitian people:1) Free and fair elections!2) No U.S., U.N. or OAS interference in the elections! [They were involved in the fraud last time!] Respect Haiti’s sovereignty!3) Stop the terror campaign against the poor majority and the Lavalas popular movement! End the brutal U.S./U.N. foreign military occupation! Reparations for victims of the 2004 coup and occupation, including political prisoners and those suffering from the U.N.-inflicted cholera epidemic and massacres!4) Rebuilding Haiti the way the Haitian 99% want it built — Paying a living wage in the factories instead of sweatshop wages … Restoring farming self-sufficiency so Haiti can feed itself again … Real Haitian control of mineral resources and aid funds … Jobs, schools, housing, clean water and health care for the people! … In short, the program of Aristide’s Lavalas movement and its presidential candidate, Dr. Maryse Narcisse.Let us know what events you’re planning for Sept. 30, so we can publicize them and build momentum for the 7th International Day. Contact us: [email protected] or 510-847-8657 for assistance, speakers, films, materials.Sent in by Dave Welsh, a delegate to the San Francisco Labor Council, who was a member of a U.S. human rights and labor delegation to Haiti during the October 2015 election campaign.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Judicial reform bill – just placatory gesture or start of real change?

first_img Related documents RSF- “Daha Derin Reformlar İzlemezse Paketin Etkisi Olmaz”PDF – 107.86 KB Help by sharing this information TurkeyEurope – Central Asia February 9, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Judicial reform bill – just placatory gesture or start of real change? April 2, 2021 Find out more Read in Turkish / TürkçeReporters Without Borders takes note of a government bill aimed at loosening Turkey’s legislative straightjacket, especially as regards the media, and hopes that it represents a first step towards more significant reforms, or else its impact will be minimal.“By finally addressing certain major failings in the Turkish judicial system, this bill is a step in the right direction,” Reporters Without Borders said. “This recognition of the shortcomings is welcome, contrasting as it does with the usual denial on the part of senior officials. “But the bill envisages just a few adjustments whose effects will be very limited if legislators think they suffice and refrain from more thorough reforms. Patching holes is not enough. Civil liberties will not be properly guaranteed until the Anti-Terrorism Law, the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure are completely purged of the repressive attitudes that pervade them.”Drafted by the justice ministry and approved by the cabinet, the bill was sent last week to the national assembly, where it will soon be put to a debate and vote. Its declared aims are to “make the services provided by the judicial system more effective” and to introduce ageneralized “suspension of prosecutions and sentences in media cases.”The European Court of Human Rights has repeatedly ruled against Turkey for violating freedom of expression. The country’s legislation and the tendency of the courts to prioritize security concerns are both largely to blame. Reporters Without Borders presented its recommendations on this issue in a report released in June 2011. Generalized three-year suspension The most spectacular aspect of the bill seems to be the suspension of a range of prosecutions and sentences affecting journalists. “We await the releases of journalists with impatience,” Reporters Without Borders said. “But there will not be enough of them, because what are really media cases are more often than not defined as terrorism cases by the judicial system and most of them will be excluded from this provision. Furthermore, the many journalists prosecuted in connection with their writing who benefit from a three-year suspension will in practice be forced to remain silent during this period.” Prosecutions and sentences for “media and opinion offences” committed before 31 December 2011 and carrying a maximum sentence of five years in prison will be suspended for three years and the cases will thereafter be closed for good if the persons concerned have not committed another similar offence during this period. If they have, the suspended investigation or prosecution will resume. According to the justice ministry, this provision could affect 5,000 cases involving journalists.The nature of the crimes covered by this provision is vague. Commentators think it will cover “disseminating a terrorist organization’s statements” and “propaganda for a terrorist organization” under the Anti-Terrorism Law. If this is so, then the cases against Irfan Aktan, Ragip Zarakolu and Hakan Tahmaz will, for example, be suspended. Other detained journalists such as Vedat Kursun, Bedri Adanir, Ruken Ergün and Ozan Kilinç may also partially benefit. Some could even be freed because of the length of time they have already been held, but not those who have been arbitrarily charged with “membership of a terrorist organization.” A judicial system that complies more with international standards? Abuse of pre-trial detention is one of the most criticized aspects of the Turkish judicial system. Suspects often spend years in prison before being tried, especially in terrorism cases. Judges systematically rejected bail requests without having to explain why.This crucial point is addressed by article 76 of the bill. If adopted, judges will have to justify a refusal to grant bail. Concrete evidence will have to be produced to demonstrate a risk that the suspect would try to flee, tamper with evidence or put pressure on witnesses.“We cannot wait to see how this amendment will be implemented,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Around 100 journalists have had to kill time in prison for months if not years while awaiting a possible conditional release. The expectations are enormous.”The bill would also limit the time between a suspect’s arrest and announcement of the charges. Journalists are often held for months or more without knowing the charges against them, in flagrant violation of the principles of the European Convention on Human Rights. This prevents their lawyers from being able to present effective arguments for their release.The 11 journalists in the Oda TV case, for example, spent six months in detention before knowing what charges were being brought against them. The approximately 30 journalists who have been held since the end of December still do not know. Significant progress for the media, but also concerns The suspension of newspapers and magazines for periods ranging from two weeks to a month under article 6.5 of the Anti-Terrorism Law will no longer be possible. This provision was widely used to silence the pro-Kurdish newspapers Özgür Gündem and Azadiya Welat and the left-wing weekly Atilim (Fervour). The European Court has ruled against Turkey several times on the grounds that this is a disproportionate sanction.The public’s right to information should finally be taken into account and thereby loosen the straightjacket on reporters covering judicial proceedings. Most prosecutions against journalists are based on articles 285 and 288 of the Criminal Code, which punish violation of the confidentiality of judicial investigations and attempts to pervert the course of justice. The penalties are increased (to a maximum of four and a half years in prison) for journalists.The proposed amendment to article 285 says that “covering judicial investigations and trials within the bounds of informing the public does not constitute a crime” while the scope of article 388 is more clearly defined and the penalty is reduced from four and a half years in prison to a fine. It remains to be seen if this will really modify the often extreme way prosecutors and judges interpret these articles.Similarly, much will depend on the way that the amendments concerning the protection of privacy are interpreted. They are intended to curb abuses by the police, whose investigations are often based on phone taps or the interception of correspondence, but they could easily be used against investigative journalists.If the bill is adopted in its current form, the penalties for this kind of offense will be increased. “The unauthorized monitoring and recording of private telephone conversations” (article 133 of the Criminal Code) will be punishable by two to five years in prison. “Violating the confidentiality of correspondence” will be punishable by three years in prison, or more if the content has been recorded or revealed. “Violating privacy” will be punishable by one to three years in prison, or more if photos, video footage or audio recordings are published.“International experience in this area shows the need for the utmost caution,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Protection of privacy and bans on phone taps are often used as a pretext to nip investigative journalism in the bud, as Silvio Berlusconi’s government recently tried to do in Italy. We hope Turkey’s judicial authorities will be able to weigh these legitimate concerns against the public’s right to be informed on matters of general interest, and in accordance with the European Court’s jurisprudence, which was reaffirmed yesterday.”Finally, the Criminal Code’s provisions as regards “membership of an illegal organization,” which have also given rise to many prosecutions of journalists, have been changed only slightly. A person found guilty of a “crime on behalf of an illegal organization” will still automatically be convicted of “membership” of the organization, even if this has not been established.“The Turkish government has repeatedly contented itself with cosmetic gestures designed to temporarily defuse domestic or international criticism,” Reporters Without Borders said. “This must not happen yet again. The plight of Turkey’s journalists is now well known internationally and is undermining the image of country that claims to be a regional model. This is a litmus test for the government.” Follow the news on Turkey Human rights groups warns European leaders before Turkey summit Organisation Journalists threatened with imprisonment under Turkey’s terrorism law Receive email alerts News News to go further News News RSF_en TurkeyEurope – Central Asia April 28, 2021 Find out more April 2, 2021 Find out more Turkey’s never-ending judicial persecution of former newspaper editorlast_img read more

Russian court upholds six-year sentence for Sochi blogger

first_img Credit : A court in southwestern Russia has upheld Sochi-based blogger Alexander Valov’s extremely harsh six-year jail sentence, which means that he will have to spend another four years in prison. News Valov, who has been detained since January 2018, was initially allowed to participate in this hearing by videoconferencing from Armavir provisional detention centre but the court’s judges disconnected him on the grounds that he was defending himself in an overly aggressive manner.  Organisation Despite a lack of material evidence and the repeated procedural irregularities, Valov was convicted in December 2018 of extorting money from Yury Napso, a Sochi representative in the Russian parliament.  Russia is ranked 149th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. RussiaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abuses Council of EuropeImprisonedJudicial harassment May 21, 2021 Find out more Related documents rsf_AlexandreValov_02.09.2019PDF – 219.39 KB Receive email alerts Help by sharing this information News Accusing the Krasnodar regional authorities of clearly wanting to silence a blogger who is well-known for criticizing prominent local figures, RSF had called in vain for Valov’s appeal to be heard in a different region. As a result, the editor of the Blog Sochi news website was prevented from taking part in the rest of the six-hour hearing and from having a final word. His lawyers say they plan to refer the case to a court of cassation. After many postponements, the Krasnodar regional court finally decided on 30 August to confirm the jail term and fine of 700,000 roubles (9,000 euros) that a court in the city of Sochi imposed on Valov in December 2018 on a charge of extorting money from a local parliamentarian. Sochi is part of the Krasnodar region.center_img Two Russian journalists persecuted for investigating police corruption RSF_en Follow the news on Russia to go further RussiaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abuses Council of EuropeImprisonedJudicial harassment читать на русском / read in Russian September 3, 2019 – Updated on December 19, 2019 Russian court upholds six-year sentence for Sochi blogger May 5, 2021 Find out more News News “Upholding this harsh sentence and depriving Alexander Valov of the right to speak at his own appeal showed yet again that he is the victim of persecution,” said Johann Bihr, the head of RSF’s Eastern Europe and Central Asia desk. When a court of cassation hears this case, the judges must finally take account of the many procedural violations.” Listed as a “foreign agent”, Russia’s most popular independent website risks disappearing Russian media boss drops the pretence and defends Belarus crackdown June 2, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Limerick mother and baby die in Cork hospital tragedy

first_imgAdvertisement Previous articleThe troubadour Duhan returnsNext articleTamara Hall: New EP Staff Reporter NewsHealthLimerick mother and baby die in Cork hospital tragedyBy Staff Reporter – March 27, 2019 5609 Facebook WhatsApp Linkedincenter_img Email Print Business photo created by lifeforstock – www.freepik.comA TERRIBLE accident is how the death of a County Limerick mother and her infant baby was described this week as family and friends struggled to terms with the double tragedy.Ms Downey, (36) a patient at Cork University Maternity Hospital (CUMH), was found lying unresponsive on the floor with her infant baby trapped underneath on Monday morning.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up It is understood that Ms Downey, who is from Castletown near O’Rourke’s Cross, had been breastfeeding her newborn baby boy when she fell from the bed after taking ill.The mother-of-three was in a single room at CUMH after giving birth last weekend. It is understood that she had been checked by staff earlier that morning.She was found on the floor with her baby seriously injured and partially trapped underneath at around 7am on Monday morning.Ms Downey died despite efforts to resuscitate her at the scene.Over the following two days, staff at the CUMH worked to save the life of the newborn baby but he died shortly after 7pm on Tuesday.As senior medical personnel at the hospital look to determine the causes of deaths following post mortem examinations, a file will be prepared for the Cork Coroner and inquests will be held into the double tragedy.A HSE statement said: “As with all unexplained deaths, a full medical investigation was immediately initiated. This investigation is currently underway at CUMH.“CUMH wishes to express its deepest sympathy with the family of the mother and her baby.Ms Downey, an only child who worked at the Novartis bio-pharmaceutical manufacturing and development facility at Ringaskiddy in Cork, is survived by her husband Kevin and two young children.Her parents are widely known, particularly in GAA circles, in the Castletown-Ballyagran area. Twitterlast_img read more

Audio Update – Property Tax rate to remain unchanged in Donegal

first_imgHomepage BannerNews Twitter Previous articleRyder Cup: Day 1 FoursomesNext articleDerry death no longer being treated as suspicious News Highland Facebook 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Audio Update – Property Tax rate to remain unchanged in Donegal Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Donegal County Council have voted to keep the property tax valuation in the county as it is.Cllrs voted in favour of a freeze by 20-9. The FG and FF groupings voted in favour along with Independent Cllrs Tom Connaghan, Ian McGarvey, Nicholas Crossan and Niamh Kennedy.Sinn Fein and Cllr Frank McBrearty voted against. Three Cllrs abstained from the vote (Dessie Shiels, Michael Cholm Mac Giolla Easbuig and John Campbell).CEO of the Council, Semaus Neely has told members that any reduction in property tax would mean a reduction in services.He said that a 15% reduction would mean the local authority losing €1.65m.Speaking afterwards SF Cllr Mick Quinn said he was disappointed with the decision………..Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.A short time ago, County Manager Seamus Neely spoke to Barry Whyte in Lifford…………Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. By News Highland – September 26, 2014 Facebook Pinterest RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img Google+ WhatsApp Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Pinterest Twitter 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Google+ WhatsApplast_img read more

The relationship between dominance behaviour, bill size and age group in Greater Sheathbills Chionis alba

first_imgA dominance hierarchy developed within a wintering flock of Greater Sheathbills which fed regularly at a concentrated artificial food source. Each bir’s dominance position was determined from the proportion of interactions in which it was displaced, and from the number of other birds which it was seen to displace. Most dominant birds were known to be over 6 or 7 years of age. They had larger bills than their subordinates had and initiated displacement interactions more often. After each interaction the displacer resumed feeding more quickly than the bird it displaced. Although dominant birds had a higher average peck rate, they did not maintain a higher body mass throughout the winter, nor did they show a higher survival rate than their subordinates.last_img

Former Mets pitcher Ron Darling announces he has thyroid cancer

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailNicholas Hunt/Getty Images for Citi(NEW YORK) — SNY broadcaster and former New York Mets pitcher Ron Darling announced on Monday that he has been diagnosed with thyroid cancer.“After the removal of the mass on my chest along with further tests, I have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer,” Darling said in a statement he posted on Twitter. “My doctors have said they are optimistic that the cancer is treatable and that I would be back on air talking baseball in the next month or so.” “I would also like to take this opportunity to thank everybody for their continued support,” he added.In mid-April, Darling, 58, shared on Twitter that doctors had found a mass on his chest, requiring surgery and forcing him to take some time off from his duties at SNY.In a statement Monday, the Mets responded to the news, saying, “Upon receiving today’s update on Ron’s prognosis, we are comforted to know that his condition is treatable and look forward to seeing him back on the air soon.”Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Beau Lund Written bycenter_img May 7, 2019 /Sports News – National Former Mets pitcher Ron Darling announces he has thyroid cancerlast_img read more

Henry E. Frye Distinguished Professorship, Associate Professor/Professor

first_imgThe College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences at NorthCarolina A&T State University seeks an energetic and innovativefaculty member to serve as the Henry E. Frye DistinguishedProfessor in the Department of Criminal Justice. The faculty memberin this distinguished role will also teach classes in theDepartment of History and Political Science. The position is a9-month, non-tenure track appointment at the rank of AssociateProfessor or Professor. The Distinguished Professorship is arenewable three-year appointment, and reports to the Chairperson ofthe Department of Criminal Justice. The department is seeking anaccomplished and notable candidate with a distinguished record ofprofessional experience, scholarly research, strong commitment toteaching, and evidence of an ability to develop programs ofexcellence that will enhance the professional and ethicalcapabilities of students/leaders. The successful candidate willproduce scholarly publications, teach criminal justice, history andpolitical science and related courses, serve as a mentor to juniorfaculty and students and exemplify the initiative, integrity, andservice befitting the honored recognition associated with thisendowed appointment. Other responsibilities include, but are notlimited to, engaging in accreditation procedures, fundraising,grant writing, and service to the Department, College andUniversity as needed and determined by the Department Chairpersonand CAHSS Dean.last_img read more

Hudson County Republican Committee Candidate Information Session Announced

first_imgNJ GOP State Committeeman Joshua Sotomayor Einstein, Hoboken Municipal Republican Chairman Chris Carbine, and President of the Hispanic Republicans of North Jersey Herminio Mendoza announced an information session for prospective and current Hudson County Republican Committee members.The session will take place online on Zoom, Wednesday, March 10, at 7 p.m. To participate email NJ GOP State Committeeman Joshua Sotomayor Einstein at [email protected] × All Hudson County registered Republicans who want an effective official county Republican Party are invited to participate.“County Committee is the most important grassroots leadership position of the GOP,” Sotomayor Einstein stated. “Members are elected by, and represent, the Republicans in their voting districts to the county Republican Party.”He continued, “Whether a current member or thinking about running for the first time, every Republican, from libertarians to Trump lovers (such as myself), conservatives to small government people, Objectivists to responsible government advocates – all those in the big tent coalition of the GOP – who want an active, out loud, and proud Hudson County Republican Party are invited to participate in the zoom meeting.”last_img read more

Adding art to academics

first_imgIn July, modern dance legend Liz Lerman stepped down as director of the Dance Exchange, a Maryland-based company she founded 35 years ago.But dance is all about movement, and Lerman came to Harvard this semester as a visiting lecturer in the Music Department and as the Josep Lluis Sert Practitioner in the Arts. “The timing was right,” she said.“My presence was a kind of research” for her and for Harvard, said Lerman. What would it be like, she wondered, for a working artist to be at the University for so much time? And what would it be like for a modern dancer to spend so much time trying to integrate with other disciplines?For Harvard, the result was wonderful.“Inspiring and energizing,” said Lori Gross, associate provost for arts and culture. “Liz Lerman demonstrated how artistic practice can cross disciplinary boundaries to help students grapple with complex problems.”Lerman, who is dancer-slim and electric with energy, led workshops on movement for courses in law, mythology, arts education, and more. She initiated a conversation series called “Treadmill Tapes” with Harvard experts in English, government, botany, art history, and other disciplines. (These 45-minute talks, conducted on side-by-side treadmills, are being edited down to a few minutes each.) She taught a course. And in November Lerman staged “Healing Wars,” a work in progress that will be part of a grander national artistic re-imagining of the Civil War during its sesquicentennial years.Bill Pullman acted as narrator — and sometimes a dancer — in the show. Photo by Helen ShariatmadariIn addition, she was just named a United States Arts Fellow.Lerman was “an unqualified success” and an “extraordinarily dynamic presence,” said D.N. Rodowick, the William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Visual and Environmental Studies. (He is also chair of the Department of Visual and Environmental Studies, which sponsors the Sert Practitioner program.)In “Healing Wars,” dancers, actors, and musicians performed on every floor of the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, inside and outside. The audience members roved, following the action. It was theater that “showed off our wonderful Corbusier building in new and exciting ways,” said Rodowick. (The performers included Lerman’s two teaching assistants, Alli Ross, Ed.M. ’10, and Lauren Simpson, Ed.M. ’11, as well as noted actor Bill Pullman his wife, Tamara Hurwitz Pullman, a modern dancer.)Integrating the arts with other disciplines was at the heart of Lerman’s four-month visit. It was familiar territory. In the past decade, she oversaw a series of collaborations at Wesleyan University designed to embody scientific ideas. (Her dance piece “Ferocious Beauty: Genome,” for instance, opened at Wesleyan in 2006.)Those interdisciplinary experiments prepared her for this semester, she said, and may signal a future when practicing artists move in and out of Harvard — weaving their skills into multiple curricula.That’s Lerman’s hope. “In schools where lectures are still the primary form of learning, this is all experiential,” she said of combining text and talking with movement. “We move, we talk, we discuss, we read, we talk, we move.”  That creates “added forms in which you put knowledge,” said Lerman.Considering any realm of inquiry “in terms of its shape, contour, and movement can be a powerful way of opening up new questions and perspectives,” said Laura Ricci, Ed.M. ’12, who studied with Lerman this semester. “I am amazed at how the dance and movement tools Liz has shared with us have opened up my thinking about my academic work.”“Choreography can be used to increase knowledge in any academic field, again and again and again,” said another of Lerman’s students, Mariah Steele, a master’s degree candidate at Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. “In particular, I appreciated her emphasis on ways of conducting research other than the typical recourse to written texts. Liz validated that researching oneself through movement or personal stories can reveal as much information as a scholarly article.”In the class Music 101r: “The Choreography and Design of Partnership and Collaboration,” everyone had to perform a solo after the first four weeks, to demonstrate that rigorous, expressive movement can be integrated with reading and talking and other pathways to learning. Lerman calls the work of putting thoughts into movement “translating.”“Working with Liz Lerman this semester has been one of my most difficult experiences at Harvard thus far,” said Bex Kwan ’14, who described her as “an artist and teacher who reveals the intellectual rigor of art.”Dance and movement can bring something to every academic discipline, said Lerman, and eventually to the workplace. Consider these life lessons from the world of art-making: Listen in pictures. Paying attention to a lesson or a conversation creates images in your mind. “And if you become aware of that, you’ll be better in most meetings. You’ll have more ideas, faster,” said Lerman.Listen to gestures. Linking movement to thinking attunes you to messages beyond words. “You can pay attention in ways you wouldn’t pay attention.”Learn good leadership and also “followership,” she said. “You need both. You have to know how to take initiative, and you have to know when to step back.” Lerman compared school and the workplace to the “ensemble experience” of an arts practice like dance.Invite other ideas. If her course had one theme, she said, it was: “Ask a big enough question, and you need more than one discipline to answer it.”This semester, Lerman brought in four guest practitioners who stayed from three days to a week: Urban Bush Women ensemble founder Jawole Willa Jo Zollar; artist and architect Michael Singer; literary activist and poet Ethelbert Miller; and Room 404 Media designers Kate Freer and Dave Tennant.Praising the resources that Harvard gave her, Lerman also deepened research into her Civil War project, which evokes an irony: that medical practice becomes more advanced during wartime.“People often think about a special semester like this as a retreat,” said Lerman of her Harvard autumn. “Not me.”last_img read more