The Zones of Special Operations (ZOSOs) in Denham Town, Kingston, and Mount Salem, St. James, will be extended by a further 60 days to October 19, 2019 and November 7, 2019, respectively. In his address, Dr. Chang noted that the declaration of the Mount Salem and the Denham Town ZOSOs was a breakthrough initiative in Jamaica’s history. The House of Representatives on Tuesday (July 23), approved two Resolutions for the extensions, which were moved by National Security Minister, Hon. Dr. Horace Chang. Story Highlights The Zones of Special Operations (ZOSOs) in Denham Town, Kingston, and Mount Salem, St. James, will be extended by a further 60 days to October 19, 2019 and November 7, 2019, respectively.The House of Representatives on Tuesday (July 23), approved two Resolutions for the extensions, which were moved by National Security Minister, Hon. Dr. Horace Chang.In his address, Dr. Chang noted that the declaration of the Mount Salem and the Denham Town ZOSOs was a breakthrough initiative in Jamaica’s history.He pointed out that the experience has, so far, produced some lessons and has proven its worth at various levels.“The partnership between the citizens and the Security Forces is also changing, with the presence of the Joint Force within the Zone, and is yielding positive results,” Dr. Chang said.A Zone of Special Operations was declared for the community of Denham Town from October 7, 2017 for a period of 60 days. The current period constitutes the 10th period of extension, which is slated to expire on August 19, 2019.“The community of Denham Town was plagued with increased gang-related violence. Since the declaration of the Zone of Special Operations, security forces have been allowed to conduct strategic operations designed to target the violence producers, thereby facilitating the conditions for social intervention and economic development,” Dr. Chang said.The Zone of Special Operations was declared for the community of Mount Salem with effect from September 1, 2017. The current period constitutes the 11th period of extension, which is slated to expire on September 7, 2019.“Prior to the implementation of the Zone of Special Operations, the Mount Salem community had been plagued with increased gang-related violence and criminal activities among several gangs operating from communities within the Division,” Dr. Chang said.He noted that conflict among gangs was attributed to the quest for turf, control and the disproportionate allocation of illegal proceeds from lottery scamming and other illicit activities.The Minister informed that over the period September 1, 2017 to July 17, 2019, the community experienced no murders or shootings.He noted that the following objectives will remain the focus of the operations: create an environment for continued social intervention; eradicate the threat to democratic governance posed by organised crime; methodically conduct searches for arms and ammunition; create the condition for building positive relations and trust between the citizen and the police; re-establish legitimate community structure; and restore the confidence of citizens, visitors, and investors, so that the country can experience economic growth and prosperity.The Law Reform (Zones of Special Operations) (Special Security and Community Development Measures) Act gives the Prime Minister power to declare an area a ZOSO in order to tackle increased crime and volatility. This is in consultation with the National Security Council.The Zone can only be established after the Police Commissioner and the Chief of Defence Staff make a request for such a declaration in writing to the Prime Minister.
Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, has hailed the improvements being undertaken at the Seaward Primary and Junior High School, noting that the institution “is well on its way to becoming one of the best performing primary and infant schools in Jamaica”.He was addressing a ceremony held at the school grounds in Olympic Way, St. Andrew, on July 25 to officially open a play area as well as honour partners/stakeholders.The Prime Minister noted that greater focus is being placed on developing the school plant for the benefit of students.He said that in the past, the institution, which is located in his West Central St. Andrew Constituency, was constantly utilised for community activities.He noted, however, that with the construction of the Olympic Gardens Civic Centre to facilitate community activities “that gave you some more space… and now you are only focused on developing the school infrastructure”.“I recognised that if we were going to truly create an institution of learning that would serve the population in this community well, we needed to give the school space to grow and to develop and to allow the students to be able to fully utilise all the assets of the school,” Prime Minister Holness added.Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness (left), enjoys a playful moment with Seaward Primary and Junior High School student, Kerica Thomas. Occasion was a ceremony to open a play area and honour stakeholders at the institution at Olympic Way, St. Andrew, on July 25. Looking on in the background is the Principal, Arlene Thomas.Mr. Holness said he is pleased to see the focus that the principal, chairman and the community have placed on the school.“It is quite clear that the community is now treating the school in a much different way than it did in the past. There is now a greater respect for the infrastructure of the school and how you use the school utilities, and that is, in my mind, a significant improvement,” he said.The Prime Minister further noted the measures undertaken to boost student performance.“I recall that when we instituted the Grade Four literacy test we were not so happy with the results both in literacy and numeracy at the time in 2009. I supported the school with literacy coaches and programmes and we have seen steady improvements in literacy and numeracy,” he noted.Mr. Holness said that the school’s literacy results have moved from 68 per cent to 78 per cent in the last academic year, while the numeracy improved from 11 per cent to 54 per cent in the last academic year.Prime Minister Holness pledged to make donations through the Constituency Development Fund and the Positive Jamaica Foundation towards the school bus donation drive. He was addressing a ceremony held at the school grounds in Olympic Way, St. Andrew, on July 25 to officially open a play area as well as honour partners/stakeholders. “It is quite clear that the community is now treating the school in a much different way than it did in the past. There is now a greater respect for the infrastructure of the school and how you use the school utilities, and that is, in my mind, a significant improvement,” he said. Mr. Holness said that the school’s literacy results have moved from 68 per cent to 78 per cent in the last academic year, while the numeracy improved from 11 per cent to 54 per cent in the last academic year. Story Highlights
“Montego Bay is prone to flooding, primarily because of plastic waste in our drains. So, the elimination of plastic itself or reducing the quantities going in the drains will significantly transform the impact of these flood occurrences in the city,” Ms. Sinclair said. She added that of the sum allocated, divisions across the parish were allocated $700,000 each, to do advance cleaning of critical drains in those areas. Disaster Coordinator for St. James, Tamoy Sinclair, says the plastic ban should minimise the impact of flooding in Montego Bay.Ms. Sinclair was addressing a Jamaica Information Service (JIS) ‘Think Tank’, which was held at the St. James Municipal Corporation in Montego Bay on Thursday (July 25).“Montego Bay is prone to flooding, primarily because of plastic waste in our drains. So, the elimination of plastic itself or reducing the quantities going in the drains will significantly transform the impact of these flood occurrences in the city,” Ms. Sinclair said.The plastic ban, which was imposed by the Government on January 1, 2019, covers the importation, manufacture, distribution and use of the plastic materials.The bags banned are those commonly referred to as ‘scandal bags’ and others with dimensions of 24 inches by 24 inches or less.Meanwhile, Miss Sinclair highlighted that approximately $23 million has been allocated for disaster preparedness in the parish of St. James for the 2019/2020 fiscal year.“In addition to that, under the new Building Act, one per cent of building fees will now be directed to disaster management activities (in the parish),” she told JIS News.She added that of the sum allocated, divisions across the parish were allocated $700,000 each, to do advance cleaning of critical drains in those areas.Drain-cleaning exercises took place across the parish in May prior to the start of the hurricane season, and are also slated to be done in September, which is the peak of the season.Ms. Sinclair also noted that as part of the disaster preparations, 63 shelters across the parish where found to be in good condition after being inspected by the St. James Fire Department, the Ministry of Health and Wellness, the Roads and Works Department and Disaster Management Department of the Municipality.“The shelters are up to date; they are fine. However, there were some shelters that were not deemed suitable and so alternatives were selected,” she said.Ms. Sinclair noted that the resources for the emergency shelters are provided by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, the Jamaica Red Cross, Food For the Poor as well as the Salvation Army. Story Highlights “The shelters are up to date; they are fine. However, there were some shelters that were not deemed suitable and so alternatives were selected,” she said.
There may once have been cachet in ploughing one’s way through Ulysses, War and Peace or Kafka’s Metamorphosis.But according to one study, there is no greater cause to boast about reading James Joyce than EL James.All novels contain one of just six possible plots, with similar emotional arcs running though every work from the highbrow to the bodice-ripper, according to researchers. They include the classic ‘rags to riches’ storyline, as detailed in Oliver Twist, the ‘riches to rags’ such as King Lear, and ‘man in a hole’ such as Moby Dick where a protagonist finds himself in a difficult spot before navigating out of it. The ‘Icarus’ plotline sees characters rise before a spectacular fall, ‘Cinderella’ shows the character’s fortunes rise, fall, then rise again and ‘Oedipus’ when the character falls, rises and then falls. Dr Reagan said: “There were only six main emotional storylines.”These include ‘rags to riches’ (sentiment rises), ‘riches to rags’ (fall), ‘man in a hole’ (fall-rise), ‘icarus’ (rise-fall), ‘Cinderella’ (rise-fall-rise), ‘Oedipus’ (fall-rise-fall).”This approach could, in turn, be used to create compelling stories by gaining a better understanding of what has previously made for great storylines.”It could also help teach common sense to artificial intelligence systems.”Our work on emotional arcs is just one part of understanding the ecology of stories.”There is much more to do: Extracting and comparing plots, character paths, comparing across cultures and time periods. But all this now seems possible.”The study was published in EPJ Data Science. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. The University of Vermont study was inspired Slaughterhouse 5 author Kurt Vonnegut who originally proposed the similarity of emotional story lines in a Masters’s thesis rejected by the University of Chicago.Dr Andrew Reagan, statistician, said: “Stories help us encode and understand our collective existence, underpin cultures, and help frame the possible.”Describing the ecology of all human stories is an essential scientific enterprise.”With the advent of the internet and massive digitisation this vital work has become, in part, a data-driven one.”There are many aspects of stories to characterise and here we take on just one: The overall emotional trajectory. Even novels some might look down on follow the same basic plot, researchers claim All books, including bestseller 50 Shades of Grey, follow one of six story arcs “In a lecture recorded in 1985, Kurt Vonnegut introduced the idea of quantifying the emotional arcs of stories.”He suggested that ‘Man-in-a-hole’ is a primary kind of shape in the dimension of good-ill fortune. ‘Somebody gets into trouble gets out of it again. People LOVE that story!'”Vonnegut pointed out that computers would be perfectly suited to the task of finding good-ill fortune trajectories, and with this inspiration and today’s computing power, we tested his instincts on a large supply of books.”We extracted and analyzed the emotional arcs of 1,722 novels from the Project Gutenberg corpus using sentiment analysis, and found six common shapes.”The study say scientists use big data and natural language processing to analyse the books’ narrative by deconstructing and distilling its plot lines. This year’s Man Booker shortlist